As the name suggests, AMD or age-related macular degeneration is caused by abnormal aging of the retina.
People with AMD are over the age of 50, so age is the number one risk factor for AMD.
Other risk factors are also involved including smoking.
It also appears that AMD can be common in some families and rare in others, indicating possible inheritance.
Finally, other risk factors have been identified but with a lesser association and are not confirmed: high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, obesity, cataracts or a deficiency in antioxidant micronutrients.
If you have any questions, do not hesitate to consult our expert.